Turkmen parties and representatives: the application of Article 140 will cause a civil war in Kirkuk

Turkmen parties and representatives: the application of Article 140 will cause a civil war in Kirkuk

2022-12-03 00:48

Turkmen parties and representatives - the application of Article 140 will cause a civil war in KirkukShafaq News/ On Saturday, the Turkmen parties and parliamentarians renewed their position rejecting the implementation of Article 140 of the Iraqi constitution, warning at the same time of the possibility of a “civil war” breaking out in the disputed Kirkuk governorate between Erbil and Baghdad if the procedures for implementing this article proceed.

This came in a joint press conference held by the head of the Turkmen Front, Hassan Turan, with representatives of the Turkmen parties and deputies of the component, in which he read a joint statement issued by them after a meeting they held today at the Front’s headquarters.

Turan said during his recitation of the statement, “What was circulated by some officials about reviving Article 140 of the Iraqi constitution, which was referred to in the government program with the complicity of everyone and the absence of the Turkmen. The clear position of the Turkmen is that this article failed to find sustainable, peaceful solutions to the issue of Kirkuk and the paragraphs The positive aspects related to resolving property disputes and returning the lands seized by the defunct regime have not been implemented so far.

And he added, “The report of the United Nations mission on this article has indicated clearly that the paragraphs contained in this article, such as the referendum, may be a reason for igniting the civil war between the components of Kirkuk,” according to the expression of the statement.

The conferees also denounced – as in the statement – what they called “the deliberate absence of the forces of the State Administration Coalition of representatives of the Turkmen component in the meetings held by the coalition, as if there were secret provisions that had been agreed upon and some fear that the Iraqi people would see them at a time when we fully believe that any solution to the issue The so-called disputed areas are done through constructive dialogue and with the participation of the components of the Kirkuk governorate, and we will not accept the conclusion of deals or agreements between Baghdad and Erbil, which have proven their failure in previous years.

The conferees expressed their refusal to include the province of Kirkuk and other Turkmen regions in the recent decision of the Council of Ministers to own houses built on agricultural lands unless the file of property disputes is resolved and the land is returned to its legal owners due to the rift it causes in social peace in the province and the loss of the rights of the legal owners of the land, considering that that “it will be a cause for demographic change, which is prohibited by Article 23 of the Iraqi constitution.”

Turan also went on to say, “The forces forming the State Administration Alliance are still procrastinating in assigning one of the ministerial positions and political positions to the Turkmen component, with a clear intention to marginalize the Turkmen component.”

The head of the Turkmen Front continued, saying, “This marginalization and silence compels us to take escalatory steps to defend our national and national existence.”

And the Minister of Justice, Khaled Shwani, had recently announced the activation of Article 140 of the Iraqi constitution, whose implementation has been suspended since 2014, which affected the discontent of the Arab and Turkmen component in the disputed areas.

Kirkuk is one of the disputed areas between Erbil and Baghdad that are covered by Article 140 of the constitution, and it was subject to a joint authority between the Kurdistan Region and the federal government before the independence referendum that the region conducted in September of 2017.

Article 140 stipulates the removal of demographic policies conducted by Saddam Hussein’s regime in the disputed areas in favor of the Arabs at the expense of the Kurds, and then a census of the population before the last step, which is a referendum in which the population determines whether they wish to join the Kurdistan Region or remain under the administration of Baghdad.

It was scheduled to complete the stages of implementing the article until the end of 2007, but security and political problems prevented that.‎

In 2019, the Federal Supreme Court ruled that Article (140) of the Constitution of the Republic of Iraq remains in effect, stressing that this will continue until its requirements are implemented and the goal of its legislation is achieved.