Is Iraq witnessing international intervention to resolve the political crisis?

Is Iraq witnessing international intervention to resolve the political crisis?

8-28-2022

Is Iraq witnessing international intervention to resolve the political crisisDespite the exclusion of an international intervention in resolving the current Iraqi crisis that has continued between the Shiite parties since the elections last October, it may be the only solution to get out of this crisis, which threatens to erupt an armed conflict if it continues.

international intervention

Perhaps the Speaker of the Iraqi Parliament, Muhammad al-Halbousi , sensed the danger of the current crisis on peace and security in the country when he called, through a statement, for the need to resort to the constitution to get the country out of its predicament, and warned that the continuation of this crisis may lead to a lack of international recognition of the entire political process, the structure of the state and its outputs, and continued that What the Iraqi situation has reached today, unfortunately, represents a regression in the political situation from the disruption of constitutional institutions, as the House of Representatives is suspended and the Judicial Council as well, in addition to a caretaker government.”

humanitarian reasons

Ghazi Faisal, director of the Iraq Center for Strategic Studies, believes that the international community will intervene in the country for humanitarian reasons due to the lack of security and stability. The centers of influence and the monopoly of power, in addition to the rampant financial corruption at the level of various institutions,” noting that “this vacuum is taking place in conjunction with the lack of security and stability, the widening of the cycle of poverty, the deficit in providing services and the spread of armed militias, and therefore there can be international intervention in Iraq.”

serious violations

He explained that Human Rights Watch’s reports on Iraq confirmed “the existence of serious violations of human rights and democracy, in addition to the failure of a million displaced citizens to return to their cities and villages, and forcible demographic changes, as in Jurf al-Sakhar, and not allowing its people to return,” noting that “a report of The UN representative in Iraq Plasschaert before the UN Security Council presented a base of information condemning the political class and revealing the suffering of the Iraqi people, which calls for the international council to intervene on humanitarian grounds to protect the people.

to intervene diplomatically

He added that US President Joe Biden signed, at the beginning of the year, “the continuation of Iraq’s status under emergency law due to the lack of security and stability and the militias’ continuation of violating the rights of the Iraqi people to a safe and stable life, allowing the international community to intervene diplomatically or militarily to save the Iraqi people.” International intervention with popular support in Iraq to get out of despair, but Iran’s allies will face this intervention, and Tehran may intervene to protect its allies. According to Faisal, “Al-Sadr will initially stand against any military intervention.”

Internationalization is welcome with conditions

While the head of the Clauza Center for Studies and Evaluation of Opinion, Basil Hussein, indicates that “a number of Iraqis believe that the political crisis in the country can only be resolved through internationalization,” ruling out that “there are international initiatives or the trend is towards internationalization at the present time.”

He said that “the international community has become tired of Iraq and cannot be expected to be deeply involved in the political scene, as the continuation of the Iraqi crisis for 19 years with the emergence of new crises led to the country’s regression in the international community’s priorities.”

Hussein enslaved that “there will be in the near horizon international initiatives or attempts to internationalize the Iraqi issue, a gesture, a hint, or a statement,” suggesting that “internationalization will not take place unless the conflict turns into fighting, then we can talk about that.” The United Nations is still shy and avoids entering into the details of the crisis, but rather tries to be a bridge between the two opponents.”

Hussein considers that “those who demand international intervention believe that the parties in Iraq are unable to find political solutions to the crisis without international intervention,” noting that “its internationalization will help reach a solution that satisfies all parties on the one hand and on the other, with the lack of trust between the parties to the conflict, The agreements need an international guarantor.”

In turn, legal expert Ali Al-Tamimi believes that “international intervention is coming if the political crisis is not put to an end by dissolving Parliament through the Federal Court, and said that” the Security Council has the right to take a decision regarding Iraq in accordance with Articles 39, 34 and 24 of the United Nations Charter, because what is happening constitutes a threat to international peace and security.”

He added, “Al-Kazemi’s government can request the assistance of the coalition forces in accordance with Article 27 of the strategic agreement between Iraq and America in accordance with the Security Council resolutions that put Iraq under Chapter VII and are in force,” and continued that “Parliament must hold an emergency session to dissolve parliament, especially since it needs 165 A representative to vote and 110 submit a request for a solution, and an extraordinary session of Parliament can be held anywhere in Iraq according to Article 21 of the Parliament’s internal system.

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