Saleh: Corruption is the political economy of violence and measures must be taken to eliminate it
Saleh: Corruption is the political economy of violence and measures must be taken to eliminate it
(Baghdad: Al-Furat News) President Barham Saleh said that adherence to the Constitution and national constants ensure the survival of Iraq unified.
Salih noted in a speech in Sulaimaniya Forum, on Wednesday, that the privacy inherent in the Iraqi society is a source of enrichment for our country does not break up factor nor the division, explaining that all the political indicators show the completion of the ministerial cabin , including the security ministries during these days. ”
He added, “Corruption is a political economy of violence and perpetuates violence,” if we can not eliminate corruption, we can not, “he said. Eliminate the two cycles of violence And the crisis in Iraq The
President of the Republic stressed that Iraq seeks to bring the views of all based on the depth of the Arab, and the country is on the way of major economic transformations and began to emerge from the crisis, noting that the elimination of terrorism will not be by military means only, but through cooperation and regional support And the international of all parties, indicating that Iraq will not be a military base for any country and everyone to respect the sovereignty
The attended the forum and former prime ministers and leaders and leaders of political blocs and forces, and a large number of ministers and governors and heads and members of diplomatic missions in Iraq as well as heads of state Arab and international figures and many political and media analysts.
The following is the text of the interview conducted by Minal Oraibi with President:
Mr. President , thank you for Houdurk..ahb ask you first about the topic that occupies much of the Iraqi security situation, we read a report on the US Department of Defense says that the organization Daesh rearrange its ranks and possible repeat attacks on Iraq how your assessment The security situation? Is there a battle with a preacher or similar to him?
I would like to thank you for joining the forum. I am not a host. I am now a guest on Mr. Qubad, Vice President of Kurdistan Regional Government. I hope that this forum will be a success, as the meetings were successful in the past. Sometimes they talk about Iraq as if it is only a battlefield of conflict and problems, we have wonderful competencies inside and outside the country. This young lady has managed to occupy distinguished positions in the Arab and international press. We wish you success in this.
With regard to the security situation and security developments, the victory achieved against an important supporter can not be underestimated, but this victory in the field and military has been eliminated the alleged caliphate and the Iraqi arena has been liberated from the presence of military dues there are some of the outposts for remaining on the Syrian arena .. It is also in the process of completion. “We must acknowledge the importance of the military victory in the field, but at the same time underestimate the magnitude of the challenge because the threat of terrorism has not been eradicated and there is a danger of a final eradication until this moment. Many of the supporters of the regime are still scattered among the Iraqi and Syrian arena. In addition to this, especially in the Syrian arena, there are extremist organizations, which are prepared by the thousands, represent an immediate and future danger. The elimination of terrorism has not been done by military means only, but the intelligence and security efforts are being carried out. This will be a long process that also requires arranging the political situation, especially in the liberated areas. Our people in these areas of returning to their homes, reconstruction, the issue of employment opportunities, and also the issue of the regional and international situation, has not come from a vacuum, but through many of the cracks in the international and regional situation and hands have manipulated this scourge. The Iraqi army has taken an important job that can not be underestimated. We recall what we were 4 or 5 years ago, Dr. Haider al-Abadi, who is the leader of the Iraqi army, He may be speaking to us at his meeting about the experience we have experienced in this context. Victory is achieved with the support of our friends and allies in the international coalition. This effort is thankful. This effort is important and the mission is not yet accomplished. We are still calling for vigilance, intelligence efforts, rearranging our papers and returning displaced people to their homes.
Unfortunately, there has not been a need to deal with them in a year. The important Kuwait conference, which allocated 30 billion dollars for the reconstruction of Iraq, is now seeing devastated areas in Mosul, Anbar, Salahuddin and elsewhere. Which many Iraqis are looking for and where are the political arrangements needed?
The reality of the people of Mosul and the people of many of the liberated areas of the preachers to criticize the performance of government and criticize the political leaders in relation to reconstruction, these areas are terrible scenes and the lives of people miserable and human suffering serious but also to be realistic Iraq is going through difficult circumstances dictated by Iraq not only over 4 or 5 years ago with regard to the fight against the preacher, but before that of the spread of terrorism, wars and siege and so on Add to the political complexities in the Iraqi situation, and there are a large number of my brothers in the Council of Ministers and political leaders and members of the House of Representatives, I want to confirm that The government, specifically the Prime Minister, insists that the formation of the government has a basic priority, God willing, with the beginning of the new legislative term of the government and the completion of the formation of the government cab, which we expect to resolve all the political indicators that end these few days including the ministries of interior and defense, But as you know this old Iraqi policy, we had a dictatorial regime. The commander decides and executes directly. Now we have a democratic parliamentary system in which we have a lot of giving and taking, but unfortunately, this does not lead to what is needed in cooperation. J with the problems of the people and with their suffering, particularly in the areas exposed to the violation of terrorism and its people are still living in the camps and their homes destroyed , but all indications and all assurances from the government and even the international community and the need to move quickly urgent.
Q / You are one of the most people and you are still talking about the need to fight the scourge of corruption that is harmful to many areas in the country What are the current measures to address the scourge of corruption?
Mr. President: Corruption in Iraq and perhaps many of the countries of the region, but I talk about Iraq is a very big problem There is one who points out objectively that corruption has become like the deep state, which impede the process of building the state and its institutions and the rule of law and social harmony. Perpetuating violence, if we can not eliminate corruption, we can not eliminate the cycle of violence and the spiral of the crisis in Iraq. All the political parties insist on this subject, the supreme authority in Najaf emphasizes this issue when you speak with the citizen in any part of this country you speak to him About Mahi O Corruption and service provision What Qubad said about good governance and governance these requirements …….. The issue of corruption will not be addressed by slogans addressed by institutional procedures The new legislative term will begin next Saturday. In the beginning, the Prime Minister, the President of the Judiciary Council, the Chairman of the Integrity Commission and others will be invited to talk mainly about the issue of mechanisms to deal with corruption. If corruption can not be assured, corruption will be able to legislate the state serving its citizens. I agree with you that this priority will not be easy. Be quick for what citizens are looking for but it is my hope to do what is our duty.
Q: We talked a lot about the challenges facing Iraq and unfortunately they are serious challenges, but I would like to ask you what are the signs of hope?
Mr. President: Of course, who is dealing with the political issue in Iraq and wants to be part of a political project must be optimistic I say to be fair and two topics in our assessment may differ at the beginning of the situation in Iraq, there are those who return to this year or that .. I can say will not be There is a dispute that Iraq has lived through four decades of problems since 1979-80 of the Iran-Iraq war to the war of Kuwait to the siege of 2003 to the extinction of terrorism. 4 decades of this country did not know anything of stability has not been exposed to a country to be exposed to Iraq.
I see now and after the military victory on the preacher there is confidence in the Iraqis that success is necessary and possible and there is insistence on success and there is a real change in the political vocabulary in Iraq I say it and frankly said a few days ago in television citizen in Basra Shiite citizen in Basra criticizes the performance of the Shiite government or Shiite ministers Because of the absence of services as well as the citizen in Mosul and Anbar criticizes the Sunni leaders as well as the citizen in Sulaymaniyah criticizes the Kurdish government .. I want to say yes that the national and sectarian affiliation exists and remains exist and is part of the composition of the human who cherishes his belonging, Is the only one that controls the policy of Iraq and the citizen .. The citizen in Basra and the citizen in Mosul and Anbar and Sulaymaniyah aspire to a free and dignified life and want a rational government be entrusted to the public resources there is insistence of all components on the need to win an Iraqi project brings us together in a democratic constitutional federal The country is proud to provide employment opportunities for our youth there beyond the sectarian and national polarization that we lived in those periods.
I also went to the exhibition more than 650 publishing houses and 24 countries two million visitors to this book fair Baghdad, which was the title of destruction and explosions and violence I say the topics should be taken in context “The Iraqi situation is certainly good, not at the required level, and the Iraqis deserve much more than this. But the direction has begun to emerge from this tunnel from this tunnel that dominated our affairs and there is a lot of optimism that we seek.
The lives of Iraq today 38 million people and a million each year and the proportion of 70% of Iraqis under the age of 30 and there is serious unemployment among young people the biggest challenge to Iraq to provide jobs, but Iraq, with its resources and an important location capable of turning this into an important investment now Iraq And Iraq is a workshop in the near future and it is an opportunity before us if we improve the performance and the second point we live in this environment and the region Iraq is governed by geography is governed by what we have dealt with throughout our history .. Iraq is the arena in which the drawing of regional balances Over the years I think that there are many differences between Iran and the Gulf States and between Turkey and this and so on. All should participate in not allowing Iraq to collapse, God forbid, the collapse of Iraq, the collapse of all the countries of the region and the return to terrorism. All share a degree to this success, and also the opportunity to rebuild Iraq and to bridge the economies of the region by linking the infrastructure between Iraq. And the Gulf and Turkey between Iran and the Arab region and the sea To Iraq’s average position and axis can put it in front of the region, and the region now tensions and problems in my estimation many countries looking for opportunities to calm the situation and calm the souls and ease the tension .. Iraq is the only country if the best performance can play that role starting from the national stage, We should be the arena for the struggle of others. We pay our resources and the lives of our citizens. We do not want this cycle to continue. Our relations with our neighbors are important. Our relations with Iran are an important task to build on our interests and the interests of the peoples of the region. Iraq was based on the depth of the Arab and Gulf and there were important meetings with various Arab countries King Abdullah’s visit to Baghdad before the visit to Amman before the economic agreements that were signed with Kuwait are moving in that direction, God willing, with other countries are also all indications of what he wants Iraq to be an element of interdependence with Turkey, Iran and the Gulf Yes to enter into the axes policy We affirm our reform in the interest of the country to be a balance in this region and the interest of stability and the return of terrorism is a common interest of all in the region and Iraq is able to play this role.
Q: My question was that the regional situation is getting worse. But I would like to ask you some details of the regional situation which must affect Iraq. Do you expect that Syria is going to calm? Is there a political solution in Syria or is it still complicated? .
Mr. President: As far as Syria is concerned, the debates are still going on. There are no options but a political solution. Let’s be frank. I said so frankly to all the leaders in the region I met. Everyone agrees. Most countries are hostile to Syria in the media and political positions agree that the situation in Syria is unsustainable. And that what happened was a great disaster for the Syrians themselves but also for the region. In the end, we affirm from Iraq’s point of view the need for a political solution based on the free will of the Syrians as an Iraqi state concerned with security and political affairs in Syria. We are in constant contact with the Syrian government and exchange views with our neighbors. Turkey, Iran and the Arab League There is a strong effort to open a window for a peaceful solution in Syria. The situation can not be delayed. This crime, which afflicted the Syrian people, can not be underestimated by one million Syrian children born in the camps, not to mention the millions who have also displaced this environment. Ending only with a political solution supported internationally and regionally and based on the free will of the Syrians.
I would like to ask you the current tension between America and Iran, as well as the Arab concern about some Iranian actions, and vice versa, and the crimes that occur on the ground. How do you know that there are American forces in Iraq, but also to keep an eye on neighboring Iran? Protect Iraq?
Mr. President: The United States is a friendly and allied country and has helped us in the fight against terrorism. We thank that contribution, but we are reluctant to confirm this, but the existing American elements are in agreement with the Iraqi government specifically to train and empower Iraqi forces and provide advice in the war against terrorism. There are US military bases and the specific purpose of these elements is to combat terrorism and not for another purpose. Any purpose outside this Agreement is unacceptable to the GOI and is unacceptable. By what we see from the Iraqi sovereignty we have had dialogues with the American side have been stressed on these points and my perception there is a good understanding that this is the policy and so is not agreed and is compatible with Marthdinah for ourselves and wanted to deal with it. With regard to the American track or vision or US policy with Iran, and the regional tensions represented by Iranian relations and some Gulf countries, I am realistic. We hope that this does not exist and we are working to reduce the tension and we want Iraq to be part of these debates. This victory is still an unconstitutional concern Loading Iraq and other policies is not possible and unacceptable We congratulate our country on such considerations and ask everyone to take into account the specific situation of Iraq and the priorities of Iraq We have to say as others say our interest first, we do not want to be the basis for any hostile action Against any of our neighbors.
In the end, I will go back to 4 decades. It may have been over these years that the violence in the region has been weakened. The security and political system in the region has collapsed. The regional system has collapsed. These movements and debates are part of the manifestations of the absence of this stable system in the region. To a new regional system built on the basis of respect for sovereignty based on the creation of infrastructure for economic interests among the countries of this region is not out of reach many countries have done so. Iraq is once again its geographical location with its resources, even with its population structure, with its components, capable of being a central element in the region’s reunification. The Iraqi-GCC economic cooperation The Jordanian-Jordanian economic cooperation The Iraqi-Iranian and Turkish economic cooperation and the creation of a network of interrelated interests of the infrastructure of the oil export railway. Leads to a new state of relations between us all these countries want jobs for their unemployed youth and this can only be achieved by focusing on that I may be as soon as, but in these situations the dream is not a crime .. The Europeans over the eighteenth century and the The twenty-first century were exposed to many wars and the universe in the twentieth century had two world wars the Middle East did not know these two world wars in this perspective .. But then and the Marshall Plan Europeans have agreed to themselves the economic interdependence of the iron and steel industry and rail .. Europe today is another case of this region It may be the paradox of Iraq was at the top of the scene of violence and terrorism Perhaps we may do this pivotal role for ourselves I come back and say these words beautiful requires good governance, requires the treatment of internal bottlenecks requires adherence to the Constitution requires overriding and solving the problems that have In Iraq for many years and this is linked to many of the parties concerned by the Kurds have their privacy and as the Arab working on it .. imagine .. The pictures and that I do not be exaggerating All must learn from our previous experiences based on an Arab project in Baghdad to promote the country will be comprehensive and God has It is a dream but the political and societal will is able to do so.
In this context, I would like to acknowledge the fact that the community situation is more developed than the political situation.
Q: We have two minutes to conclude this fruitful meeting. We have two questions. If you allow me to invite you to the Prime Minister’s office, we would call you the president of the university. What is your message to the university students who sought and worked hard for us in this forum?
I have always been, but we wanted the University of Sulaymaniyah to be a model and example to be followed by other universities, and to stimulate the process of reform required in the university. Other Universities. His Excellency the Minister of Higher Education Dr. Qusay Al-Suhail is present, as well as Brother Yousef Koran from the Kurdistan Regional Government as well. This university is a good experience, but attention to the new generation and interest in education is a real investment in the future. Everyone agrees, including the Minister of Education, that the reality of universities does not improve what is required to compete in the market. Working in this era and this irony Iraq was the forefront of the educational scene and health services in the sixties and we are now in another phase .. A great effort before us .. I was in Paris a week or two ago and we had a meeting with UNESCO and UNESCO was insisting on the provision of services and consultations, but in Iraq qualifications r And I hope that God will be able to do so .. My words to the students at the University of Sulaymaniyah and Iraqi universities must work together to invest the current opportunities and God willing your future will be different from the past experienced by previous generations over the last four decades .
For many years, some have raised the idea of dismantling and dividing Iraq. A US newspaper once put the cover of the end of Iraq. We were saying that Iraq is bigger than that and can continue. Have we ended the danger of partitioning the country?
Mr. President: There are historical, geographical and political requirements that make Iraq remain. But its survival is united. It is primarily linked to the commitment of all to what is enshrined in the constitution and to emphasizing the national constants and emphasizing that the specificities of this society are an enriching source for our country. When I came to Damascus, I came to Mosul, but ended up expelling all Kurds, Yazidis, Christians, Shiites and Sunnis. My appreciation is that everyone has learned from the experiences of the past and in our interest the interests of all in Iraq, and also the interest of the region in a successful, unified and democratic Iraq that can deal with the great benefits You are before us. I am optimistic about the future with the magnitude of the challenges ahead