“War of 2013″ threaten oil and gas pipelines and “Hormuz” .. The joint report mentions “Iraq’s Scud”

“War of 2013″ threaten oil and gas pipelines and “Hormuz” .. The joint report mentions “Iraq’s Scud”


Twilight News / raises prospects for a U.S. military strike to Syria fears of Syrian or Iranian response targeting U.S. allies in the Gulf region are the main exporters of oil and gas in the world.

altThe total production of the Middle East oil of 28.27 million barrels per day, or 32.5 percent of the global production of 86.15 million barrels per day in 2012, according to the statistical report for my company. Me.

Following are facts about the dangers that threaten the main roads for oil and gas in the Middle East and the possible alternative ways:

– The Strait of Hormuz

The most important road of the world’s oil supply, as was the transfer of some 17 million barrels per day, or about 35 percent of the total seaborne oil supply across the Strait in 2011, according to data the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

And sailing most of the exports of crude oil from Saudi Arabia, Iran and the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Iraq and most of the shipments of liquefied natural gas from Qatar through this strait located between Oman and Iran.

And increased tensions over the strait since late 2011 as Iran threatened to close in response to efforts by Western governments to stop the flow of oil revenues on Tehran.

She said the U.S. Navy, which leads the major Western power in the region, it will not allow to disrupt navigation to and from the Gulf. However, if you can not pass the strait there will be a need for other methods.

– Saudi Arabia

Issued the Kingdom’s largest oil exporter in the world almost every shipments of crude oil through the Strait of Hormuz and most of them heading to Asia and the United States.

The extended pipeline-with a capacity of five million barrels a day it launched name Petrolaan to move crude from fields which are concentrated in the east of the country to the port of Yanbu on the Red Sea coast.

But because the Saudi oil currently exports to Asia in the first place has been converted into one of the two lines to transport natural gas to the booming industrial centers in the west of Saudi Arabia.

And acquires crude supplies destined for Saudi refineries around two million barrels of energy Petrolaan which leaves no room for exports of the Red Sea ports.

After several threats from Iran to close the Strait of Hormuz in early 2012 Saudi Arabia has reopened the Iraqi-Saudi pipeline, which runs parallel to Petrolaan as a backup line.

There is also a pipeline to transport natural gas liquids (NGL) runs from Abqaiq to Yanbu with a capacity of 290 thousand barrels per day and connects gas processing plants in the Middle export facilities in Yanbu gas liquids. But it’s just a partial alternative to Saudi gas liquids shipments from the Gulf.

Saudi Arabia was in the past is pumping oil in a pipeline تابلاين through Jordan, Syria and Lebanon to the Mediterranean Sea, but after the closure of the various sectors of the line, which has a capacity of 0.5 million barrels per day from 1976 to 1990, the Kingdom began exporting most of those supplies in tankers through the Strait of Hormuz.

Frequency and talk about the reopening of the Saudi-term sector of the line to Jordan, but it is not clear how much time it can take to open a closed line twenty years ago and there is little prospect to open the Syrian sector of the line soon.

The militant groups attacked the Saudi power plants in 2006, but tight security prevented major problems.

And are found in parts of the Kingdom Patriot missile batteries to protect the towns and oil installations from rocket attacks. But the failure of the American-made system to track Scud missiles fired by Iraq in the Gulf War and led to the deaths of 28 U.S. soldiers in 1991 shows that the missiles could still penetrate these systems.

Believes the U.S. Energy Information Administration that Saudi Arabia has a back-up arrangements in export network in anticipation of some installations to stop work. And Saudi Aramco refuses to talk about those options.

– Producing other Gulf countries

Still Iran and Kuwait, depend entirely on the Strait of Hormuz to export oil and Qatar also issued most gas shipments from the Gulf.

And the United Arab Emirates in 2012 opened a pipeline capacity of 1.5 million barrels per day of which you can transfer most of its exports to Fujairah, located on the coast of the Gulf of Oman.

Qatar exported more than 102 billion cubic meters of gas through Hormuz in 2012, according to data from me. Me and do not have an alternative route to export liquefied natural gas.

– Iraq

Iraq exports about 80 percent of shipments of crude oil through the ports in the Gulf and pumped the remaining percentage in Kurdistan via pipeline to the Turkish port of Ceyhan. Ceyhan may be due to its proximity to the Syrian border vulnerable to attack if the conflict widened.

The maximum capacity of this line in northern Iraq, about 1.6 million barrels per day, but now transmits less than one-third of it is exposed to repeated attacks from insurgents.

There are plans to increase the capacity of the Northern Line to cope with the expected increase in production and reduce dependence on the Gulf.

The pipeline can not be used a capacity of 0.7 million barrels per day between Iraq, Syria and Lebanon since 2003, but may be repaired if the situation has stabilized in the region.

– Iran

Because of Iran’s total dependence on the Strait of Hormuz find it difficult to close the new government has taken in Tehran conciliatory stance in its standoff with the West over Iran’s nuclear program.

Iran has stopped threatening to halt navigation in the Hormuz since 2012. But Tehran’s strongest ally of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and warned Washington to bypass the “red line” in Syria has renewed its threats to close the strait in response to any U.S. attack on Damascus.

– Suez Canal / Sumed

With the transformation of the center of oil demand growth to Asia did not sail through the Suez Canal only 800 thousand barrels per day of crude oil and 1.4 million barrels per day of oil products in 2011.

But through the vital channel for liquefied natural gas exports to Europe country of Qatar has become a major supplier so that might stop navigation in the channel to higher prices in European gas markets and may even lead to crises and fuel in the winter.

It can be transmitted pipeline Somed which has a capacity of 2.3 million barrels per day and extends from the Red Sea to the Mediterranean more oil in the event of an interruption of navigation in the Suez Canal because it did not convey only about 1.7 million barrels per day in 2011 due to weak European demand, according to a joint report of the Department U.S. Energy Information magazine Saudi Aramco World and report me. Me, Reuters and statistical site mail to Somed, seen by “Twilight News”.