The failure of the UN agreement on arms trade
Diplomats said the delegations from around the world failed Friday to agree on a historic treaty of the United Nations on arms trade to regulate an industry that is estimated at more than $ 60 billion and chose to hold more talks as likely or conduct of the General Assembly of the United Nations voted on at the end of year.
She spent more than one hundred and seventy countries last month in New York to negotiate a treaty had to be approved by consensus and therefore can be used by any State the right to effectively veto against the agreement.
Bdlamn and that no decision on the draft Convention. But this leaves the door open to further talks could be offered a draft agreement on trade in weapons to the General Assembly of the United Nations, which includes one hundred ninety-three countries and approval of two-thirds majority.
diplomats noted that it may be voted on by the end of the year. A Spokesman for the British delegation: ‘We could feel that the agreement (the Treaty). It is disappointing that there is a need for more time. But an agreement to trade in arms is not to come today but soon. We have taken a big step forward. ‘
One person dies every minute due to armed violence in various parts of the world, says activists in the field of arms control that there is a need to conclude an agreement to prevent the flow of smuggled weapons to areas of conflict and ignite wars and atrocities .
And Oharo to the war in Syria and other areas as examples to make such a treaty is necessary.
And the text that is not consensus on it determines the types of weapons involved, and criteria for evaluation and monitoring mechanism, which remains the prerogative of each country. And sellers that they have records of the transactions.
It has become diplomats and organizations are more optimistic now, after four weeks of negotiations. One diplomat said Friday: “I think that progress will continue ‘, but he said that Negotiators Us have not yet formally express their opinion on the final version of the text waiting for instructions from Washington.
In the opinion of the American Association for arms control to the latest version ‘show improvement so that it was necessary to make adjustments.’ And is considered Widney Brown responsible, Amnesty International that the gap until now ‘, if not Bridged, it may at least diminished. “
And non-governmental organizations were strongly criticized the first draft submitted by the Tuesday Argentine diplomat Roberto Mauritania, who heads the business, pointing to the ‘attempts to evade and ambiguity’.
Still refers to several gaps. And ‘one of the major problems’ explains Nicholas Frckn of Oxfam France is ‘that arms transfers resulting from the defense agreements may not fall under the Treaty’. The ‘ for Russia, the recent sales of arms to Syria, which were conducted under a contract in force can not be prevented. ‘
There is another gap is that the text does not speak clearly about the loans and grants. ‘For example, France has given during the year two thousand and ten only large quantities of arms to at least 17 countries’. This is also the case of Chinese military equipment that was given to Sudan.
Diplomats pointed out that it was essential that the parties involved in the core market (Europe, United States, Russia and China) in the text, so it was inevitable compromises, even if weakened by any treaty to come.
Thus, China has made a major concession by accepting the treaty to cover light weapons, under pressure from its African partners who make them a priority. Beijing but later refused to go further on other aspects such as evaluation criteria.
Under pressure from the United States, which produces six billion bullets a year does not appear in the list of ordnance equipment covered, but referred to separately, as well as spare parts. And each country will have to assess the ‘national system to monitor the’ export of munitions, which are originally by Washington, but without being under an obligation to record sales.
That to remain a small group of countries, such as Syria, Algeria, Iran and North Korea, Cuba and other refuse from the outset any binding treaty.
Freedom for all and leave the country in the signing and ratification of this Treaty or not. Must be authenticated to 65 countries this Treaty to enter into force.