Iraq: No progress in resolving the presidential and ministerial positions, and Iran intervened forcefully to unite the Shiite house

Iraq: No progress in resolving the presidential and ministerial positions, and Iran intervened forcefully to unite the Shiite house

3-20-2022

Iraq - No progress in resolving the presidential and ministerial positions and Iran intervened forcefully to unite the Shiite houseThe “Iranian” missile bombing that targeted the city of Erbil, the capital of the Kurdistan region of Iraq, last week deepened the Shiite-Shiite crisis, over the fate of the largest parliamentary bloc, and the file of naming the presidents of the republic and ministers, while Iranian officials entered the line of the political crisis, urging them to “the unity of the house.” Shiite.” Leaks reported that the leader of the “State of Law” coalition, Nuri al-Maliki, had rejected an offer by Muqtada al-Sadr, with the possibility of joining him without the Shiite “coordinating framework.”
The Iraqi political analyst, Dr. Haidar Al-Barzanji, told Al-Quds Al-Arabi that “the efforts aimed at the unity of the Shiite house between the Sadrist movement and the coordination framework were suspended by the movement, after the issue of targeting Erbil (the capital of the Kurdistan region of Iraq) was introduced by the fact that the framework was accused of involvement. In the incident before Iran claimed it.”
Al-Barzanji acknowledged the existence of a difference in political curricula and ideologies between the two parties, “which is the reason for their incompatibility,” pointing out at the same time that “there is no such thing as a tripartite alliance (which includes the Sadrist movement, the Kurdistan Democratic Party, and the Sunni Sovereignty Alliance), but rather that there is a temporary understanding that can It may or may not pass. There are differences within Sunni and Kurdish homes.”
He added, “The Patriotic Union of Kurdistan announced its joining the Shiite alliance (the coordinating framework) or being part of the national space,” explaining that “the coordinating framework is relaxed, while the tripartite alliance is looking to gather a sufficient number of representatives (222) to complete the quorum for the presidential candidate selection session. But this is almost impossible.”
Representatives of the “coordinating framework” are circulating information that the Shiite alliance intends to form a new alliance called “National Stability” in exchange for other information that talks about a similar procedure for the “triple alliance” in forming a “national salvation” alliance, relying on their allies and independent representatives.
In this regard, Al-Barzanji notes that “the two sides talk about a national space, but in fact, the Shiite coordination framework bloc is the largest, and this is what prompted al-Sadr to contact al-Maliki (leader of the State of Law coalition).”
He continued, “The coordinating framework set a general context that stipulates entering into a single bloc with the Sadrist movement, and that it has the right (the framework) to choose the prime minister, in cooperation with the movement.”
The position of the Shiite “coordination framework” also stipulates, according to Al-Barzanji, the rejection of “the Kurds going to choose the president of the republic, and the Sunnis also in determining the speaker of parliament, while weakening the right of the Shiite component to choose the government.”
And the Iraqi political analyst said that the tripartite alliance has about (160 seats) compared to about (140 seats) for the Shiite coordination framework, “this means that both alliances cannot achieve a parliamentary majority.”
On March 10, the leader of the Sadrist movement, Muqtada al-Sadr, made a phone call to the head of the “State of Law” coalition, Nouri al-Maliki, “to discuss important issues related to the current Iraqi situation,” according to a statement by al-Sadr’s office.
And about the details of the phone call, Al-Barzanji revealed that “the call lasted 30 seconds. Al-Sadr proposed to Al-Maliki that (the latter) only (the framework) participate in a political alliance, but Al-Maliki refused that,” according to Al-Barzanji.
Following the call, a delegation comprising the leader of the “Al-Fateh” coalition, Hadi Al-Amiri, the head of the “Popular Mobilization Authority” Faleh Al-Fayyad, and the head of the “National Support” bloc, Ahmed Al-Asadi, went to Najaf to meet with Al-Sadr. Al-Barzanji says, adding: “The meeting did not lead to anything, and I remained Things are as they are.”
However, local news websites reported, citing political statements, that the leader of the Sadrist movement had proposed the name of his cousin, the Iraqi ambassador in London, Jaafar al-Sadr, for the position of prime minister. Regarding this news, Al-Barzanji pointed out that “there are differences within the Shiite, Sunni and Kurdish house, and that Jaafar al-Sadr does not possess the qualifications that would make him prime minister. Compatibility is what decides the position.”
This coincides with the visit of the commander of the Quds Force in the Iranian Revolutionary Guards, Ismail Qaani, and the Secretary of the Committee for Strengthening Iranian Economic Relations with Iraq and Syria, Hassan Danai fled, to Iraq, in an attempt to “urge the Shiite political forces to unite and not lose the right of the component,” according to Al-Barzanji, who indicated He added that “Iran has a national security interest with Iraq, as it has a common border with Iraq of more than 1,400 km, and any disruption will affect it.”
As the political crisis worsened and reached a “semi-deadlock” road, Al-Barzanji lined up with calls for “the dissolution of the House of Representatives (Parliament) and the initiation of new elections,” pointing out that “Iraq is on the cusp of the wind if a strong personality is not chosen who can advance the country from the reality in which it is living.” ».
He concluded by saying, “The scenario of re-election is valid, and what is built on falsehood is false,” explaining that “the outcomes of the fraudulent electoral process will not be easily addressed.”
On the other hand, the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) issued “assurances” warning of the possibility of an agreement with its rival, the “Kurdistan Democratic Party” regarding the identification of a “single candidate” agreed upon by the two Kurdish political poles, for the position of President of the Republic, without specifying the name of the candidate.
The head of the party, Bafel Talabani, said during his meeting with a delegation from the European Union, in the city of Sulaymaniyah, the most prominent stronghold of the “Union” that “it is not too late; We can all put political and personal conflicts aside, and present one candidate for the presidency, in a patriotic spirit, to strengthen the entity of the Kurdistan region and protect the higher interests.”
Talabani stressed, “The situation in Iraq needs a settlement and mutual understanding in order to form a strong and effective government that provides peace and stability for the people.”
In parallel, a member of Parliament for the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, Suzan Mansour, said that “the position of the Patriotic Union is one, which is the nomination of Dr. Barham Salih for a new term for the presidency,” pointing out that “Saleh’s nomination is not a partisan choice, but rather on the basis of the national space because the President of the Republic must That it be independent of any party and represent all components.”
And she indicated in a statement to the official agency, that “the National Union has a rapprochement with all alliances,” stressing that “the presidency of the republic is still not settled yet,” noting that “the elections came early after the October demonstrations on the basis of forming a government of national salvation, so the parties must concede. for its share in order to save the Iraqi people.”
It is scheduled to hold the Iraqi Council of Representatives (Parliament) next Saturday, a session to choose the President of the Republic.
The session to select the president of the republic requires a vote of two-thirds of the members of the House of Representatives (220 deputies), which is difficult for the political blocs to achieve.
An Iraqi legal expert explains the decisions of the Federal Supreme Court regarding the most numerous bloc and the quorum for electing the new president of the republic.
Ali Al-Tamimi said in a press statement: “With regard to the most numerous bloc, the decision spoke of the possibility of presenting this bloc at any time, whether in the first session or to the elected speaker of parliament, and even after the election of the president of the republic as long as it was not sent by the speaker of parliament to the elected president of the republic.”
He added, “The court said or reasoned that that the most numerous bloc according to this concept is variable and liable to join after meetings of parties and lists, provided that this does not intersect with Article 45 of the Elections Law 9 of 2020″.
Al-Tamimi indicated, “This new concept of interpretation of Article 76 of the Constitution regarding the most numerous bloc is a modification of the old interpretation 25 of 2010, and this is a new direction for the Federal Court that is consistent with international constitutional jurisprudence in interpretation and its renewal according to economic, legal and political conditions, and even if the court’s decision is now, this Bits do not mean final.”
He went on to say: “As for the other decision, which is linked to the above decision in terms of implementation, it is necessary to hold a parliament session and achieve its quorum in electing the new president of the republic by a two-thirds majority of 220 deputies, and that the decision to have this count is taken in the first round of voting to elect the president of the republic.”
He pointed out that «the Federal Supreme Court caused this by saying that Article 70 of the Iraqi constitution is an exception to the original contained in Article 59 of the Iraqi constitution, which required that the session be attended by 165 deputies, and that decisions should be taken by simple majority».
Article (45) of the Iraqi Parliament Elections Law No. (9) of 2020 states: “Any deputy, party, or bloc registered within an open election-winning list has the right to move to a coalition, party, bloc, or other list only after the formation of the government immediately after the elections.” Without prejudice to the right of the open or individual lists registered before the elections from the coalition with other lists after the elections).

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