Cameras to monitor corrupt in Iraq achieved positive results
Cameras to monitor corrupt in Iraq achieved positive results
Posted 16/06/2012 09:07 AM
Babinaoz (Reuters) – Despite the high rate of per capita income in Iraq, especially the officers and staff in government departments, but bribery is still the key that controls the doors closed to the citizen, but deliberately employee in many cases, close the doors open, in order to turn the citizen to bribe in order to achieve his goals.
According rebounds economic researcher Akram grace that bribery is still master of the situation in government departments despite the decrease in intensity compared to previous years.
indicates the citizen Saad Qureshi that the car registration revolves around the (problematic legal) cost him about five hundred dollars in bribes in order to (modify) leaves the car and suitability in accordance with legal proceedings.
in an attempt to reduce corruption and to expose their beneficiaries, proposes a police officer of economic security, Saad Albzona Monument of surveillance cameras in government departments for the purpose of verification of users bribery, and continues: set up some cameras in government departments and have had positive results in the prevention of bribery directly inside the circles.
He continues, despite the fact that some see in this procedure an interference with privacy, but this opinion does not stand up to reasons of exposing bribery in order to reduce the size of rampant corruption.
According Albzona, that most cases of bribery are the motives (beyond) the law, or seize the opportunities are not the right motive bribery, or in order to give qualifications does not possess the citizen to obtain what he wants.
But Imad al-Tai, who paid about a hundred dollars to an employee in order to facilitate treatment in the Real Estate Department and the transfer of a piece of agricultural land, were not motivated override the law as it was to speed up the follow-up treatment that lasts for months.
emphasizes Imad said his is not a bribe, but a reward to the employee if they succeeded in shortening the time it takes for the transaction.
and because of the control procedures strict witnessed by some government departments, which have increased in frequency in the last two years, most cases of bribery especially the (heavy), which are made through transactions in homes and public places to avoid suspicion and surveillance.
believe Albzona that the problem is not in the small bribes, these things inherent in Iraq for decades, and occur in many countries of the world, but the biggest problem that greatly affects the the Iraqi economy deals bribery major, worth hundreds of thousands of dollars, which often are made through intermediaries between employees and contractors or contractors or otherwise.
One example that Evdhaa Albzona is the arrest of a contractor bribe an engineer in order to manipulate the attributes of Emaar large.
and high frequency of bribery in a large at border crossings, according to a questionnaire conducted by the “body integrity” last week, In March 2012, arrested the director of Safwan only land between Iraq and Kuwait after caught by investigators in the Integrity Commission caught with use of bribery in his office.
and shows the questionnaire that about 127 of persons involved in it, bribed workers at border crossing points, which represents 12 percent of crossing the border, and the more than 54% paid bribes in response to the request of an employee in performing the border with Pader 26% to offer bribes to seek to accelerate completion of their transactions, and had about 20% to pay the bribe after the department to delay or block transactions or claim that it is not a fundamentalist.
and in 2011 delivered a department’s Special Operations Integrity Commission arrested the chairman of the network news of Iraq, and the President of the media center for young people caught in bribery with three others working on the rigging orders and ministerial appointment in various government institutions.
Q citizen and succeeded. Mohammed, who refused to be named in the city of Karbala, to obtain a license to open shop in one of the squares task in Karbala over to pay about two thousand dollars.
and confirms the officer Albzona, to curb corruption will not be effective without tightening control and removing the causes that lead to it, including weakness of the law which allows the employee access through its paragraphs to achieve the desired goals is legitimate, in addition to twice the punishment that is not implemented in many cases, even if it was issued to the ability of the actor to pay a bribe another render ineffective sanctions against him.
According Albzona, even the police and security institutions experiencing a lot cases of bribery, which is losing confidence in the fight against corruption more sound and effective.
outbreak of the phenomenon
and the payment of Rahim Salem (retired) about $ 300 after it crashed into a treated pensions a lot of procedures and the difficulties which made it necessary to pay this amount to an employee to facilitate receiving his pension.
Epfq most Iraqis The phenomenon of bribery rampant in the late era of the former regime, but their frequency increased in an unprecedented way after 2003, and the longer the corruption charges a number of senior officials of the Iraqi state, including a former electricity minister Ayham Samarrai, 2006, and MP Mishan Jabouri in the same year for having seized the money to feed regiments to protect the oil installations of the Ministry of Defense, and Trade Minister Abdul Falah al-Sudani, accused of financial corruption in 2009, in addition to a number of managers and government officials.
but the employee Saad Filaih confirms that many of the citizens shows the bribe to the employee without being required by the person in charge, and is a a way to lure the official fast completion of the transaction and overcome the lack of official papers.
, says Filaih that some citizens does not need to pay a bribe to complete treatment of the official, but he does so certainly because he is trying to speed delivery and not to repeat his review of government departments.
believe Karim Hammoud, the most dangerous types of bribery those that get in construction projects, in schools, colleges and universities when it becomes the purpose of such bribery ensure the success of students failed or modify the rate of school in order to obtain the certificate.
emphasizes Hammoud, a lot of students who failed succeed in the end, through the bribe teachers where this represents the ugliest faces of corruption that occur in Iraq .
and Blahz Caesar Faleh (employees) that bribery spread widely among his colleagues, staff, citing the example in some kinds, while lagging the employee in completing the transaction in order to force the customer (payment).
because a professor at the meeting at the University of Baghdad, Mohammed Hassan spread of bribery to the lack of accounting and to the existence of mechanisms and a clear lead in the end to the death of passengers of Rashin and corrupt, in addition to the lack of oversight to the role of qualified staff.
good medium is classified, under one of the kinds of bribery, which is one of the common ways in Iraq to achieve the goals. According to Hassan, access to university degrees are significantly during the purchase, and there were widespread in the years after 2003, but the pace is now down significantly.
but the staff member in the economic security vocalist Ali, it is proposed to be exposing the briber and the bribed through the comments their pictures in the circles in which they work where or by publication in newspapers and media.
But Ali is not sure of the success of that on the ground, especially since a lot of cases of corruption are made through bribes start employee small and ends Palmsúll the first in the department or institution.
With the increase in average per capita income in Iraq, many of the cases of bribery on the conduct of transactions have disappeared, but increased contrast types of bribery associated with the completion of works outside the law, especially those related to the projects of reconstruction and construction, where the amounts traded bribes of up to hundreds of thousands of dollars.