An American report talks about an obstacle threatening to topple the designated Iraqi Prime Minister before forming his government

An American report talks about an obstacle threatening to topple the designated Iraqi Prime Minister before forming his government

02/18/2020 20:01

An American report talks about an obstacle threatening to topple the designated Iraqi Prime Minister before forming his governmentBaghdad today – follow up

The American Al-Monitor website published a report in which he talked about facing Prime Minister-designate Muhammad Tawfiq Allawi, many challenges that have hindered, until now, the formation of the government he promised from independents and technocrats because of the factions of the blocs adhere to what they consider as the electoral merit to ensure their representation in the next cabinet.

The report stated, “Muhammad Tawfiq Allawi has 30 days before the constitution that ends at the end of this month to form a government and present it to Parliament in order to gain confidence, if it has an absolute majority, which is half of the total number of Parliament plus one, i.e. 165 out of 329 deputies Deputy. ”

The report added, “Since the Shiite blocs are supportive of Allawi, they are only 51 deputies and 47 conquest deputies, they need the votes of at least 67 deputies to pass the new government, a percentage that cannot be achieved, except with the participation of the Kurdish and Sunni blocs, especially as parties Shiites such as Al-Nasr led by former Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi rejected Allawi’s candidacy for prime minister.

Al-Monitor quoted a source familiar with the negotiations on forming the government, who asked not to be named, according to him, saying that “the assigned prime minister is having difficulty persuading the Kurdish parties specifically to give up their stakes or what they describe as electoral entitlement in the new government. Also, the Sunni blocs are inconsistent in They have a separate government, and they want to participate in the nomination of the new ministers. ”

He pointed out that “Allawi wants a government that includes Shiites, Sunnis and Kurds, but from outside the political blocs. And if he fails to obtain the support of those blocs, he will apologize for assigning to the President of the Republic,” explaining that “the Shiite parties have warned Allawi that naming ministers from the Kurdish and Sunni parties It means withdrawing his candidacy and submitting another person to the government. ”

Perhaps that information, according to the report, is what prompted the leader of the Sadrist movement Muqtada al-Sadr to announce his rejection of the “pressures”, which Allawi is subjected to, and he said in his statement: “We hear from partisan and sectarian pressure to form the interim government. It might lead to the declaration of disavowal of her dislocation, after we had to be silent about it … because we are still those who are demanding reform. ”

The Al-Fateh bloc led by Hadi al-Amiri announced that pressure on the taxpayer to form the government would hinder his efforts to choose independent ministers.

The bloc’s deputy, Abdul Amir al-Dubai, said, “The Al-Fateh bloc granted Allawi the freedom to choose ministers, and the other blocs should deal with him in the same way to complete the formation of the government on the constitutional date and not stick to ministries on the pretext of electoral merit.”

The leader of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, Mahmoud Khoshnaw, confirmed during an interview with Al-Monitor that the Kurdish blocs, the Patriotic Union and the Kurdistan Democratic and Change, have agreed that negotiations between the Kurdistan Regional Government and the Prime Minister-designate will be direct regarding the formation of the new government.

On Allawi’s project to form a government without partisan representation, Mahmoud Khoshnaw said: “There is no non-partisan government in the parliament system, and there is no sense for independent ministers, especially since cabinet decisions are made by voting ministers in the assembly according to the constitution, and we do not want a government that does not abide the Constitution”.

He added: “Mr. Allawi has the right to seek the nomination of ministers with experience and competence, not to choose them from outside the parties and blocs, and the ongoing negotiations focus on the nature of the government program, and we have not yet entered the names nominated to occupy ministerial portfolios.”

The report pointed out that “the Sunni blocs seem clearly divided between those allied to Al-Fateh, such as the National Axis Bloc, which announced its approval to choose ministers from the new non-partisan faces, while the National Forces Union bloc led by Speaker of Parliament Muhammad Al-Halbousi is not fully supportive of this idea.” It has 3 ministries in the Iraqi government and does not want to sacrifice them before the start of discussions with Allawi, according to coalition member Muhammad al-Karbouli.

Al-Karbouli questioned in a press interview, “Allawi’s ability to fulfill the promises he made on the day of his assignment, and confirmed that his bloc did not participate in his mandate and will not negotiate with him until the party that nominated him is presented.”

No official bloc has yet announced the nomination of Allawi in an official capacity, but the leaks indicate that he is nominated by the Sawaron bloc, with the approval of the Al-Fateh bloc. Therefore, the other blocs do not want to assume the responsibility of a candidate who is rejected by the protest squares without reasonable consideration, or at the very least, participation in setting the policies and program for the next stage, according to the report.

Al-Monitor concluded his report, “Allawi does not seem to be able to overcome the pressure of political blocs without violating his reform promises. In addition, the parliamentary blocs also have the power to achieve the most important decisions pledged by Allawi, along with the authority to grant confidence to his government and ignore it in this.” Timing means the return of the political crisis to the first square or Allawi’s inability to form the government and the continuation of the caretaker government headed by Abdul-Mahdi.