TI: financial corruption in Iraq lies in the institutions

TI: financial corruption in Iraq lies in the institutions

Created on Tuesday, 09 July / July 2013 11:48 | |

TI: financial corruption in Iraq lies in the institutionsBaghdad, Washington / Orr News

The Web site ideas on Iraq, citing a report by Transparency International in 2013 that with regard to Iraq and found the organization’s image of corruption in this country when dealing with it carries مشاكلا many so that corruption does not lie in the bottom of Almússh functional only if you find bribes are common when the police, for example or bureaucrats, but that corruption and theft real lies in the upper part of the institutions where she most political parties in the process of financial corruption through the decades, and the oil industry and the overall budget for this reason seem to Baghdad in that they do not show any real desire to deal with this issue despite the and there are a lot of departments and laws that prevent those things from happening and so is the institutionalization of corruption that plagues the country continuously and prevents them from reaching to huge Amkantha.

Each group to consider corruption in Iraq find grim situation, corruption was widespread at the time of Saddam, especially when he was assigned to circumvent the sanctions the country a lot of money. But almost everyone believes that corruption has increased Sawa after the overthrow of the regime in 2003 class TI Iraq as one of the worst countries in the world but in 2012 Iraq was ranked 169 out of 176 countries mail 18 points out of 100 points. As the World Bank put Iraq at the bottom of the list of the last ten countries of the total 100 countries are trying to control corruption in 2011.

In 2010 an international poll showed that 77% of Iraqis believe that corruption has increased Sawa during the previous three years, while 4% of them said only that corruption has decreased, and in the following year the World Bank conducted a survey on Iraq found that 62% of companies said that Corruption was the main obstacle to doing business there. All this costing the country dearly and there was no way to know the amount of money lost due to theft, fraud and embezzlement, but there were some estimates have said Judge Radhi Hamza al-Radhi, former head of the Anti-Corruption Commission in Iraq, said the Integrity Commission estimated amount of money missing from Iraq between the years 2003 to 2008 by $ 18 billion in estimated study funded by the International Monetary Fund $ 65 billion has been leaked out of the country from 2001 until 2010, while in 2013, believes the BSA that nearly $ 40 billion of illicit money leaving the country in all year. These staggering figures for this country that are trying to extricate itself from the war and sanctions is simply stealing the future of the country and severely hinder their development.

Corruption happens every day in Iraq and one of the most common forms is the bribes, according to the Integrity Commission, the police, judiciary and customs are the most corrupt in this area found a survey conducted by Transparency International in 2011 in which he said 64% of Iraqis that they have paid bribes to some of the employees of the police as that the payment of money was expected to get jobs in the army and the police also and this has had a bad effect on the economy. As mentioned World Bank study on companies and found that 33.8% of those companies had been requested bribes in cases involving commercial transactions with the government and vary the ratio between the provinces where the ratio was in Baghdad, 70%, and in Karbala, 89%, while the occupied Basra ranked first by 100%. The type of the bribes also vary depending on the size of the companies for example, said 64% of medium-sized companies that they were expecting that they pay in order to obtain government contracts. In the bottom of the institutions, the citizens in order to get better service or speed up the bureaucracy, they should also said that they pay some money which is what is happening to some extent to win tenders, where officials expect bribes in most transactions, whether for papers or build a power plant so that the problem is expanding as it progresses up the dilemma in state-building. That one of the reasons for this rampant corruption is nepotism and clientelism every Iraqi government since 2005 in which the meaning of national unity that each party wins a seat in parliament gets the ministry or department and then the officials then populates the government members of their families and their followers and tribesmen where he stated index Berltzmann in The transition to this kind of favoritism led to the employment of large numbers of people who are not qualified in the public sector have reported to the Integrity Committee in 2011 that there are about 20 thousand employees have certificates and fake with the Ministry of Justice is the worst fifty thousand employees and this also extends to politicians. This means that without intellectuals and technocrats Baghdad can not hope in the planning and implementation of projects needed to rebuild the country, but it seems that what is more important is perpetuating patronage network used by the parties in order to stay in power.