Major changes in Iraq’s foreign policy
Major changes in Iraq’s foreign policy
06/26/2013 12:00 AM
Contributed to the elimination of international provisions
followed Iraq after the fall of the dictatorial regime in 2003, foreign policy has made a radical change in the policy pursued by Saddam’s regime principles that the situation in Iraq in more than a dilemma international through its policies closed and hostile, through openness to the world in order to ensure Iraq’s return to normal and prestige prestigious in the international community, has culminated in this successful policy required the UN Security Council on Thursday as the date for a vote on removing Iraq from Chapter VII. Here are the main changes that have occurred in Iraq’s foreign policy:
First: constants and guidelines: Bien Federal Constitution of the Republic of Iraq constants legal shaping Iraq’s foreign policy through its articles (3,8,9 of paragraph e, 21, 107 First) according to the following: 1. Article III of the Constitution, the general directions of foreign policy within the concept of the fact that Iraq is part of the Islamic world and part of the Arab world as a founding member and active in the League of Arab States asserting a constitutional commitment to its charter and consistent vision of the new Iraq. (Iraq is a multi-ethnic groups, religions and creeds, which is part of the Islamic world, and a founding member and active role in the Arab League and is committed to its charter). 2. either Article VIII of the Constitution Vtansrv to determine the constants of the application of foreign policy and ethics through the commitment of the Republic of Iraq not to interfere in the internal affairs of States Other and build a peaceful and constructive dialogue with the parties to the international community and شخوصه from other countries and international organizations. (Iraq shall principles of good neighborliness, and is committed to non-interference in the internal affairs of other countries, and seeks to resolve disputes by peaceful means, establish relations on the basis of common interests and reciprocity, and respect its international obligations) . 3. Confirms Article IX of the Constitution, paragraph (e), the peaceful orientation of foreign policy of the new Iraq by respecting Iraq’s international obligations to prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, use or production, or a development or possession of technology associated with them. (Respect for the Iraqi government and implement Iraq’s international obligations to prevent the spread and development, production and use of nuclear weapons, chemical and biological weapons and prevents its relevant development, manufacture, production and use of equipment and materials, technology and communication systems). 4. Not ignored the Constitution humanitarian aspects associated with the granting of asylum and including sponsoring aspects of moral and legal associated with this subject both internally and externally as part of the fundamentals of foreign policy and through Article XXI, first, second and third. (First: prohibits handing the Iraqi authorities and foreign authorities. Secondly: regulates asylum Political to Iraq by law, and may not be delivered political refugee to a foreign destination, or forcibly returned to the country which he fled. Thirdly: ايمنح the right of political asylum to international crimes suspect, or a terrorist, or of the right to harm Iraq). 5. Complement the vision of constitutional to draw foreign policy defined in Article one hundred and seven: first, that the drawing of foreign policy and diplomatic representation are among the terms of reference of the federal authorities. (Federal authorities will have exclusive powers of the following: First: Formulating foreign policy and diplomatic representation and negotiation of international treaties and conventions and policies of borrowing and signature conclusion and economic policy and trade foreign sovereign). describe the path Applied Foreign Policy Iraqi general framework: for granted that the birth of the new Iraq has come in the international environment and exceptional within the area of exceptional witnessed the collapse of the former regime and the U.S. military presence in Iraq and the region and created by the complex calculations in equations of regional and international patterns of multiple political, security, economic and social, was in front of foreign policy to proceed to achieve its goals in the midst of these difficulties, and here we would like to include those of the main objectives according to include them practical associated with conditions that stage as follows: 1. followed Iraq’s new foreign policy check change radically policy pursued by the former regime, which put Iraq more than a dilemma international through its policies closed and hostile, through openness to the world in order to ensure the return of Iraq to normal and prestige prestigious in the international community, it has gone foreign policy to achieve that goal two-way simultaneous since 2003 and even to this day, تمثلا: First – the completion of the implementation of Iraq’s international obligations guarantors out of Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations. Secondly – Expand openness Iraqi diplomat around the world confirmation of the orientations peaceful New To interests of political, economic, and in this context, Iraq sought and continues to solve all outstanding issues with Kuwait, as well as resolving the outstanding issues with neighboring countries in total, with emphasis on the establishment of diplomatic relations balanced with Mahtma international east, west and particularly with the United States after he completed the withdrawal of military end of 2011 as part of an agreement to withdraw U.S. forces, who represents one of the most important achievements Iraq’s foreign policy compared to experiments similar international in the same context. course of time comes the march of the foreign policy of the Republic of Iraq as part of a timeline witnessing fundamental transformations in the region and the world a whole, represent an additional challenge to benefit Iraq’s foreign policy and its goals, and the most important of the wave of Arab uprisings that beset the region, he has Iraq through quiet diplomacy and effective stand a single space of all parties to the change within the limits of the path of moral and legal approach to foreign policy, calling for the achievement of popular demands through dialogue and political and economic reform in countries rebellious hand. urged Arab governments to take into account the application of human rights principles in dealing with moves People in those countries, for example, the position of Iraq from Syria through the initiative to invite the Government to dialogue with the opposition under the auspices of the Arab League, as well as Iraq’s position on the crisis in Bahrain’s proposal not to treat the Bahraini government violently with demonstrators. significant achievements and accomplishments important also for the foreign policy of Iraq at this stage in the general framework of note Iraq’s transition from the stage of the reaction that accompanied the atmosphere change in 2003 to stage act as a prelude to play a wider role in shaping political equations in the region in general, would this policy within their tracks current and thanks to the evolution of the political process and security situation in Iraq will be able to foreign policy that constitute a major factor in achieving economic prosperity by contributing actors bring foreign investment as part of the reconstruction of Iraq, which began unclear heralds at this stage that can establish economic take-off to make the presence of Iraq in the field of international economics effective and essential in view of the attributes of the oil resources and human qualify for that role, This also represents another aspect of the Iraqi diplomatic victory, with confirmation of the difficulties surrounding regionally and internationally.