New players and new geopolitical shift in world oil

Date: Monday 05/28/2012 20:18

Citizen – the follow-up despite the difficult natural conditions and difficult terrain that made ​​the oil trapped deep in the shale, but the technological advances contribute to the pursuit frantic to find a source of oil the next key and open the door to the wealth of oil and natural gas in several other countries in the Americas that have not traditionally known as the productive energy. and considered the newspaper «Washington Post» that this research will change the dynamics of the geopolitics of energy a way that was completely unexpected a few years ago. From Canada to Colombia to Brazil, booming oil and gas production in the western hemisphere, in a time when the United States less dependent on supplies from the Middle East is not stable. And the United States to play a pivotal role in the equation of new energy, and by accelerating the production of more than 1.7 million barrels of oil and liquid fuel per day than it was in 2005. quoted Robin Tchivira, CEO of the company «Neuquén» gas and oil, saying: «There are new players in the world, and there is a quantum new geopolitical, then countries that have not not able to provide oil and gas that can do so now. And for the United States, there is a glimmer of the possibility of achieving self-sufficiency ». In spite of the emergence of new players on the map of the world’s oil, the oil produced in the countries of Persian Gulf – particularly Saudi Arabia, Iran and the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait and Iraq – will remain vital for the image of the world’s energy . But what was in the past seem immutable is today a real, since the production of oil the U.S. will rise and prevents the adoption of the United States heavily on supplies of the Middle East. and provides countries Persian Gulf six about 22 percent of all U.S. imports, and the availability of the neighboring countries of the States Nations in the Western Hemisphere more than half of the volume of imports. And settled this number for years because, in spite of lower production in the oil-producing countries such as Venezuela and Mexico, but it rose in other places. Since oil is a commodity traded on a large scale, analysts say the escalation of the pace of production in the Americas does not mean that the United States will be in the immune from price shocks. If Iran is seeking to close the Strait of Hormuz, and to stop the movement of oil tankers from suppliers in the Middle East, will lead the wave of price shock to sweep all over the world. Perhaps the biggest development in the process of coordination in all parts of the world is how to enable the United States to reduce the volume of imported of liquid fuels from 60 percent in 2005 to 45 percent last year. Experts believe that the economic recession in the United States, and improvements in the efficiency of cars and increased reliance on biofuels has played the entire role in this achievement. But the main motive was to use hydraulic fracturing, as by the bombing of water and chemicals, beads of synthetic small rise in pressure within the rock formations narrow to make it easy to penetrate, resulting in higher oil production in the state of North Dakota of a few thousand barrels per day a decade ago to nearly half a million barrels a day.