Claims to disclose the third party .. Legal: killing demonstrators may return Iraq to Chapter VII

Claims to disclose the third party .. Legal: killing demonstrators may return Iraq to Chapter VII

18/11/2019 201

Claims to disclose the third party - Legal - killing demonstrators may return Iraq to Chapter VIIKalkamsh Press / Baghdad

With the successive bombings of Tahrir Square in Baghdad and Haboubi Square in Dhi Qar, the government began to promote the so-called “third party”. He is accused of spreading terror among the demonstrators, not only for the murder but also for the kidnapping of activists. And senior police chiefs.

In contrast, the researcher and strategic expert Maan al-Jubouri, said that “the observation regarding the presence of the third party, was raised in the early days of the start of the demonstrations is the presence of masked people on the high surfaces of the buildings, rely on sniping to kill protesters while they are close to the security forces.”

He described al-Jubouri as “the invisible party”, but that happens with the knowledge of the government, wondering “how can these people enter and entrench behind the security forces and kill demonstrators and the government does not know them.”

He pointed out that these forces are supported from outside Iraq and weapons from outside, and this was confirmed by the Iraqi Defense Minister Najah al-Shammari when he explained that the weapons used, not imported by any Iraqi.

Al-Jubouri added that the government does not have the strength and courage to reveal the details of the party accused of killing the protesters, which is a compliment to certain forces, pointing out that the government’s statement on the presence of the third party does not relieve it of responsibility, on the contrary, doubles the legal and moral responsibility to disclose the facts. His recognition of the existence of a third party was recognized as an inefficiency and unable to protect the demonstrators.

Return to item VII

The protests resulted in a large number of martyrs and wounded, and disability was recorded as a result of the repression of the demonstrators, as the Ministry of Health reported that disability cases exceeded 700 cases.

As intentional killings of demonstrators by live bullets or tear gas grenades spread to the head and chest areas, international organizations demanded an end to the killing of protesters, and reports of violations began to increase. Those issued by Amnesty International elaborated on the type of weapons used and internationally prohibited and the type of injuries they caused.

A Human Rights Watch report also noted that riot police fired tear gas and live ammunition at paramedics and ambulances, explaining that tear gas was used as expired, posing a significant risk. “Expired equipment should not be used on the street and must be removed from circulation and destroyed in accordance with accurate environmental protocols,” it said.

The extent of these violations, Iraq may return to Chapter VII after it came out in 2017, knowing that the country had fallen under its responsibility because of its entry into Kuwait, the United Nations imposed an economic blockade on Iraq and placed under Article VII. The sanctions required Baghdad to pay $ 52 billion in compensation to Kuwait.

Lawyer and legal expert Ali al-Tamimi said, “The current situation of Iraq is ready to enter and return to Article VII, not only war, which includes States under this section, but human rights violations have a great impact to put States under Chapter VII.”

He adds that states are obliged under the Charter of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights to protect their citizens, and that what is happening in Iraq, according to Tamimi described as “genocide,” stressing that Iraq’s position is very difficult in light of the continuing violations against demonstrators.