Maliki is seeking to increase his chances for a third term as prime minister
Maliki is seeking to increase his chances for a third term as prime minister
Published 10/11/2013 11:06 AM
Babinaoz / agencies: Books Michael Knights researcher from the Washington Institute for Near East Policy: Spin widely theories about Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, who has just returned from the first visit by an Iraqi high-level Washington since the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Iraq in 2011. where conceivable one of two theories that the dictator next, which seeks to get the maximum of the executive authorities on the one hand, and crushed symbols and institutions opposition to him on the other hand, taking advantage of the power of the state. except that al-Maliki was soon to acquire that reputation even began in confusion to falter in the political and security crises one by one other. As many observers Veron, a sign that his political days are numbered, and that the general elections scheduled to be held on the thirtieth of April / Nissan next ستخرجه of power if they enjoy a degree of freedom. So which permission will be Nuri al-Maliki? Will it be the Ironman, which may continue to rule the country for decades? Or ستطوي the days his memory quickly if became اطيحت figure in the first elections held in the country after the demise of the occupation? Local elections, although it would appear initially weak when he took that position in 2006, Maliki turned to the leader of the most successful and confident himself in 2008 when he allowed the coalition forces led by the United States carry out security decisively against the Mahdi Army, the armed group that falls under command of the religious leader Moqtada al-Sadr. Based on the momentum that has brought him such military victories, Maliki began the process of integrating effective executive power that would have put both the security apparatus of Iraq and the Supreme Court and the Iraqi treasury along with the central bank and the media in its grip. Though this changes which brought the central authority, Maliki was in need because occurs political balance within the Iraqi parliament المتفكك after the withdrawal of U.S. troops in December / December 2011. However, since the withdrawal of troops almost Maliki began in the exclusion of a large number of Iraqi communities at once. With the first quarter of 2012, tried to Kurdish parties and allies of Moqtada al-Sadr conduct a parliamentary vote to withdraw confidence from Maliki. However, these efforts failed, almost as a result of Iranian support strong for the owners, but it became clear he would face a big challenge to stay for a third term in office in 2014. Showed al-Maliki in recent political flexibility with the Kurds regarding the issues disputed between the two regions came the first signs of weakness of his position in the local elections held in April / April 2013. terms did not lead those elections only to the decline in the number of seats obtained by a coalition of state law, headed to 22 percent instead of 28 percent, but the coalition also control over local councils task such as Baghdad and Basra, also formed Shiite parties other alliances against him. even worse than that is that the role of Maliki’s allies in the coalition of state law looked down in those elections. in Basra stronghold him, for example, was not among the six candidates elected from a coalition of state law only three allied with him strongly. Strategy back , but that al-Maliki, with that position embarrassment faced, showed political flexibility in recent months. was granted the Kurds some advantages with respect to certain issues, including the Afassaha way for them to control more on the disputed city of Kirkuk and the completion of an oil pipeline that connects the to Turkey from there. On the other hand, did not appear to Kurds in the twenty-sixth of August / August any objection to what he had done men Maliki in the Federal Supreme Court of the Iraqi projection of legislation that would be denied the prime minister to take charge of a third term of government. In effort increasing it to break up opposition forces Sunni Arab, baptizing Maliki now to re-activity to the Awakening movement, which received support tribal militants, also continues in his promises to de-Baathification of the Iraqi political arena and adopt reforms against terrorism faced by the Sunni community. and baptized Maliki also to remind Iraqis turn break the power of the militias in 2008. On Monday, al-Maliki said Iraqis “militias system Muqtada al-Sadr, who was encouraged to murder, kidnapping and robbery in Basra, Karbala, Baghdad and other provinces.” Can Maliki portray his visit to the White House as the adoption of an implied from the U.S. administration for his nomination for a third term was not al-Maliki is the only leader of the bloc lost seats in local elections in 2013 in front of independent lists smaller, which is paid to support legislative efforts place restrictions on voting that will prevent go to independent candidates in the general election scheduled for 2014. also works Maliki also courted and closer largely to external partners. as unique Ptbahia that Iran and the United States are the closest supporters of his, where the two countries تتدخلان in the internal political conflicts that nearly toppled him several times since 2006. Yet worsening crisis in Syria, remains al-Maliki is a key partner for Iran, which find their convoys air and ground-bound to support the Syrian regime stations break pass out on Iraqi territory. Maliki was also is supporting efforts by the Iraqi government strenuously to appease Turkey, and took refuge in that to Sunni Arab leaders as mediators even alleviate opposition to the idea of re-election. Despite the apathy which اكتنف meeting in Washington last week, but that al-Maliki can be depicted by his visit to the White House as the adoption of an implied from the U.S. administration for his nomination for a third term. Test for democracy and aims Iraqi Prime Minister to get out of elections in 2014 look the most likely candidate for prime minister, based on largely to fame in the ability to manage things, and because replaced by another may lead to political situations difficult or unstable. depends Maliki also on the fact that concerns most of the Iraqi leaders of al-Qaeda and the emergence of independent politicians is greater than تخوفاتهم of other communities in the political arena in Iraq. still also likely to show a surprise that behind closed doors to the process of choosing a prime minister after elections in 2014. might be one of the possible scenarios to replace Maliki represented in a “coup Shiite him,” where you can open the weak results of the elections the way for the Shiite parties other to replace a man less stringent hope them to be easier to control it. except that al-Maliki – as interim prime minister during the transitional period following – may work the acquisition of a number of papers pressure job that would occur balance has, including the control of the Federal Supreme Court, a mediator in disputes relating to the elections, as well as control over the security services and intelligence. With the failure of the vote in the May / May 2012 to withdraw trust him, no one thought then to test the desire Maliki to waive his process of peaceful transition of power. but that during the crisis, took the forces of the Special Republican Guard and Iraqi status of preparedness at the entrances to the city of Baghdad and around the center of the government, in reaction to the voting process Potential those like the coup attempt it. still all scenarios that require the idea of overthrowing al-Maliki as prime minister as a test for the survival of Iraq is a constitutional democracy three years after the withdrawal of American forces.