New York Times: the presence of al-Maliki hinders understanding the components of Iraq
New York Times: the presence of al-Maliki hinders understanding the components of Iraq on the division of power and out of the crisis
05/05/2013 (23:01 pm)
No one wants another civil war in Iraq, but with the events push the country in this direction. No war can be avoided only through a new political understanding between Sunnis, Shiites and Kurds, but Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki has become a hindering factor to achieve this. Therefore, the United States and Iraq’s neighbors pressure on Maliki to resign to be replaced by character more willing to reconciliation.
In the past week, Iraq has witnessed a dangerous escalation in violence not seen since 2006, when it descended into civil war. Today we see risks بالانجرار the spiral of violence disastrous regional stationed in Syria. America, Iran and Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Jordan and the Gulf states have a common interest in preventing another civil war not only benefit extremist militants.
And developed the first civil war in Iraq after decades of oppression and wars and sanctions that destroyed Iraqi society, and having dismantled the 2003 U.S. invasion of the Iraqi state without a quick plan to rebuild. The power vacuum allowed sectarian tensions explosion – which was inherent in the country’s population who have suffered from brutal for a long time. But in 2007 and 2008, Iraq reinvented itself to it, and helped the United States in the fight against extremists year and supported al-Maliki in the suppression of radical Shiite militias.
Iraqis were unable to stop the violence, but after that they put their trust in the political process and to stand against the extremists in their communities.
If al-Maliki had succeeded in its first session, to take the opportunity to address the country at its second session, which began in 2010. However, he took a course in dealing with sectarian security and political challenges, as opposed merging the year in the ranks of the armed forces, and senior Sunni politicians accused of terrorism and furthest from power losing the cooperation of the Sunni community, and the result was the collapse of the political deal that boosted Iraq’s fragile state.
The day the armed terrorist groups killing hundreds of year moderates who Qatloha the the day, and give the opportunity to others in order to save their lives by regret and join the extremists.
At the same time, it is still the Vice President Tareq al-Hashemi in exile after he was sentenced to death on charges of terrorism. The same step was taken to accuse Finance Minister Rafie al-Issawi – moderate Sunni – and led to protests still sweeping the Sunni stronghold in Iraq and aversion to other communities. And led a military attack on protest camps in the past week to more violence. Stands relations between Maliki and the Kurds – independent to a large extent – on the sword after a year caused by disputes over areas in a military confrontation, even when you publish the Kurds for their security forces in the disputed areas in Kirkuk, they are negotiating in order to get concessions from Maliki’s government. During this week, Kurdish sources said the signing of a new deal, but after all the promises violated, there is no reason that this deal will last. With the escalating civil war in Syria two years ago, any sectarian crisis and political collapse in Iraq would be catastrophic, as this Satms the border between the two conflicts and brings more misery to Iraq and cause significant challenges to Iraq’s neighboring countries and the United States.
Very scary scene, and perhaps possible to prevent this war – if approved Iraq’s neighbors and the United States do so and acted decisively. The common interest in maintaining the stability and territorial integrity of Iraq. Can also Iran and the United States – despite deep Angsamama on the Syrian government and the Iranian nuclear program – cooperation as they did in 2001 against the Taliban in Afghanistan.
And can give Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Turkey voices strong because they also aspire to have good relations with a strong prosperous Iraq, and they have a hand in support of Sunni rebels in Syria.
It is true that Iran was supporting insurgents in Iraq to thwart the American occupation, but the withdrawal of U.S. troops has changed those calculations. Today Iran has a market for its goods in Iraq and a friend relieves isolation. For its part, the United States does not bother much the current Iranian role in Iraq, but they are more interested in the possibility of Iran’s support for armed extremists during any civil war erupted in the country. If all of these countries was able to persuade al-Maliki to resign, it would give the moderates of the year symbolic victory and curb the influence of extremists in their community. This in turn could show all Iraqis that change is possible through politics, not war. It can avoid the dissolution of parliament, it is natural that the prime minister step down and be replaced by another figure elected by Parliament, there are other Shiite politicians who are able to lead a government of national unity.
A decade after the fall of Saddam Hussein, the violence threatens to crush Iraq. The cooperation of Iran and Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Turkey with the United States on a new political deal with the disappearance of al-Maliki from the picture, will not be easy but it is essential to save Iraq.